TABLE 2

Characteristics of offspring by age-group

Age-group
5–9 years10–14 years15–19 years20–24 years
Offspring of nondiabetic pregnancies (gestational glucose <11.0 mmol/l [<200 mg/dl])
    Variable
        n631998684330
        Age (years)7.5 ± 1.412.0 ± 1.316.8 ± 1.321.7 ± 1.3
        Height (cm)127.3 ± 10.7154.3 ± 9.2166.3 ± 8.3166.3 ± 9.3
        Weight (kg)32.4 ± 12.062.1 ± 20.285.2 ± 23.395.8 ± 24.7
        BMI (kg/m2)19.5 ± 4.625.6 ± 6.631.0 ± 8.835.2 ± 10.3
        % obese34.552.755.469.4
        Waist (cm)62.4 ± 13.182.3 ± 15.895.6 ± 17.6105.7 ± 19.0
        Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.7 ± 0.35.0 ± 0.85.1 ± 1.65.5 ± 2.1
        2-h glucose (mmol/l)5.3 ± 1.05.8 ± 1.95.8 ± 1.86.2 ± 2.7
        A1C (%)4.9 ± 0.45.2 ± 0.75.3 ± 1.15.5 ± 1.5
Offspring of diabetic pregnancies (2-h glucose prior to pregnancy ≥11.1 mmol/l [≥200 mg/dl])
    Variable
        n96528447
        Age (years)7.7 ± 1.411.9 ± 1.216.7 ± 1.321.5 ± 1.2
        Height (cm)128.8 ± 10.7154.6 ± 9.0165.3 ± 8.3164.7 ± 8.1
        Weight (kg)38.6 ± 13.871.0 ± 18.694.3 ± 26.694.9 ± 25.6
        BMI (kg/m2)22.6 ± 5.129.7 ± 5.834.3 ± 8.234.8 ± 8.1
        % obese60.481.677.263.8
        Waist (cm)73.6 ± 12.494.6 ± 12.6110.4 ± 54.0109.0 ± 20.0
        Fasting glucose (mmol/l)4.9 ± 0.35.4 ± 1.55.8 ± 2.47.1 ± 3.7
        2-h glucose (mmol/l)5.8 ± 1.47.4 ± 3.68.4 ± 5.410.1 ± 7.0
        A1C (%)5.0 ± 0.35.5 ± 0.95.3 ± 0.55.9 ± 1.6
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated. Some offspring appear in more than one age stratum. The variable “% obese” represents the proportion of individuals whose BMI is either >95th percentile, based on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 U.S. population statistics (36) for age and sex (5–19.9 years) or BMI >30 kg/m2 (20–24.9 years).